Pruning – the Winter Work

Pruning – the Winter Work

After harvest, when the wines are aging in barrels, the vines begin losing their leaves and become dormant. Pruning, the major winter vineyard work, can be done any time between leaf loss and bud break. However, we usually start the process in January when the canes...
Wine Closures

Wine Closures

Wine and cork have been companions for centuries. Proof of this is an amphora from the 1st century BC found in Ephesus that was not only sealed with a cork stopper but also still contained wine. Natural cork has been the exclusive closure since glass bottles became...
What Are Clones?

What Are Clones?

In visiting tasting rooms you have no doubt heard the word “clones” many times in conversations about Pinot noir wine. So what is a clone? Most of us think of a grape variety as one type of grape that is consistent from vine to vine. In reality, each type of grape...
Sulfites in Wine

Sulfites in Wine

Sulfites in Wine There’s a lot of misunderstanding and erroneous information about sulfites in wine. I’d like to try and help set the record straight. Sulfites occur naturally in all wines. Yeasts produce sulfites during fermentation so nearly every wine has some...